2018 NECO GCE Literature In English Questions And Answers

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(Answer 1)

The roles of gods as discussed in the text talks about coming of a stranger into the village. Before the coming of the stranger, the priest had foreseen it in the sense that, the priest has consulted the Oracle before he announce to the king and the whole village. Though, what he saw was not the exact thing he told the king and the villagers.
He lied to them that a white man is coming to the village to help then with their resources whereas they are coming into the village to mine their resources as planned by them.
The play talks mainly on how the villagers of Mando Kingdom shows their belief in their gods and how much they respect and fear their gods. Siko the village priest and Maligu the king’s adviser were at the shrine discussing the coming of the white man, which Maligu claimed it is through a letter from his brother in the city.
The letter claimed that a white man is coming to the village to engage in tobacco farming. For people to welcome this white into their village, which he will make money from contacted the village priest to execute the plan.
Over dependent of the people of Mango Kingdom on the gods made them fall into Soko’s lies and deceit. Also the death of the stranger was as a result of the belief that gods demanded for him as a sacrifice. Kindo said “spirit of our forefathers, spirit of the mountain look down from your home up there and receive the blood which you asked for through the mouth of your priest. The whiteman was sacrificed to the gods in place of a virgin. There is no virgin in the land who is a stranger, so receive the blood of a stranger who brought evil to the land.

After Aloho graduated from university, she was unable to secure a job. Therefore, she went in search of a job. At the cause of looking for a job, she went to stay with her friend who lives in Oannya. Aloho came across her old friend “Ochuole” who told her she will find a job for her.
Ochuole is known to be a wayward girl when they were in school. She uses what she has to get what she wants. Ochuole introduced her friend to Chief Haladu Ade Amaka when they were into fraudulent act together. Chief is a minister but a womanizer. Aloho was given a job unknowingly it was an illegal job. She was happy. Chief told her to start work the following day. Aloho was given a bag containing cocaine to travel to oversea with. She was very scared to do the job, because it is her first time travelling oversea.
On getting to the airport, her bag was searched and she was arrested. Aloho was charged of cocaine offence. Justice Odili who was incharge of Aloho’s case was a corrupt man. Chief Haladu being an influential man settled Justice Odili to free Aloho.
A justice who was expected to be an epitome of tradition, norms, policy makers and law enforcement officers. He discharged Aloho of Cocaine offence which was glaring.

(Answer 1)

Lena Younger, a.k.a. Mama, totally rocks our world. She’s a down-to-earth, hard-working black woman who doesn’t suffer fools. Mama has dedicated her life to her children and struggles to instill her values in them with mixed results. One of Lena’s most poignant moments might be when she admits to Ruth that sometimes her children frighten her. This is one of those sad and beautiful moments that make her character seem truly human. Throughout the play, Lena struggles to connect with her children, Beneatha and Walter. She’s extremely worried about Walter’s obsession with money and is totally disapproving of Beneatha’s lack of faith in God. Mama even goes so far as to slap Beneatha in the face when the girl says that God doesn’t exist. Except for the face-slap moment, Mama is mostly kind and patient with her family. Her nurturing personality is symbolized by the way she treats her houseplant. Though it is wilting, Mama loves it unconditionally. Just like her family, Lena’s plant lacks the necessary resources to flourish. Rather than giving up, however, Mama does all she can for it and has faith that one day it will truly thrive. Mama’s faith is put to the test near the end of the play when she entrusts Walter with the $6,500 that’s left from the insurance check. At first, it seems like her trust was totally misplaced when Walter loses all of the money. However, Lena’s faith is redeemed when her son refuses to accept the bribe from Mr. Lindner. In the last moments of the play, we see Mama taking pride in her children. Like her plant, they’re far from perfect, but still there’s hope for them yet.

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In the play, the theme of contradiction was used. Contradiction also implies contrast. There are many events and instances that showed the use of contrast or contradiction in the play. The theme of contradiction manifest in Tony’s lifestyle. Tony Lumpkin through his discussions with Marlow and Hastings x-rayed this theme of contradiction. He made Marlow to believe that Mr. Hardcastle is an innkeeper and that his house is nothing but an inn. This contradicted the views already purported of Mr. Hardcastle by the Marlowe.
Again, there was contradictory scenario in the first encounter between Kate Hardcastle and Marlow. Kate was presented as a maid by Tony’s description of her to Marlow, hence, Marlow’s manners when he met her contradicted the image of a fine gentleman presented already to the Hardcastles.
Moreso, Mrs Hardcastle always uses “malapropism” whenever she speaks. Her choice of words contradicts what the word actually implies. For instance, she uses the word “Laconically” instead of “ironically”. These words contradicts their denotative and connotative usages.
Furthermore, the experience recorded in the play where Tony Lumkpin beguiled his mother and drove her and Constance Neville round their neighborhood at night and brought then back to their garden and making them believe that they are at Auntie Pedigree’s house also shows contrast. Here, in this exemplified event, the theme of contradiction was also x-rayed.
There is also a manifestation of the theme of contradiction in the life styles of the characters used in the okay. Take for instance, the lifestyle of Mr. Hardcastle and his wife, Mrs Hardcastle differ. While Mr. Hardcastle is decent, calm and reserved, Mrs. Hardcastle’s lifestyle is where, Rascal, materialistic and assuming. Therefore, there is a big contrast in their lifestyles. Thus, this posits the theme of contradiction too. Similarly the lifestyle of Constance Neville and that of Tony Lumpkin differs parallel and shows the theme of contradiction.

(Answer 1)

(i) Dreams: The land is likened to all kinds of wild animals such as a hawk, whale and tiger. Each of these animals often throws their preys into fear and chaos. The whale, for instance, swallows other fishes in the sea, the same way the African leaders usurp the people’s access to decent living standards. In the same way, the “land” is also regarded as a hawk that frustrates the people’s lives as they run for dear life. As a tiger with sharp teeth, the land, Nigeria chases the people away from achieving their dreams.
(ii) Corruption: The issue of corruption in the poem may be derived from line 4, in which the land, which could be referred to as the corrupt politicians, is said to be “aborting dreams of a good catch.” When there is corruption in the land, the people suffer the most. Their progress, dreams and struggle would be rendered worthless. Nigeria is a blessed country, a land endowed with natural and human resources. But Nigerians, her people continue to live from hands to mouth, having been deprived of all the basic amenities of life such as pipe borne water, constant electricity and decent shelter.
(iii) Hopelessness: Where there is corruption on a large scale, the people become hopeless. Hopeless, they therefore resort to nefarious activities. When the people feel cheated by the people on whom they have placed their trust, they tend to vent their anger through unthinkable means. The recent cases of militancy in Nigeria and many parts of the African continents today is as a result of injustice in the form of hoplessness.

(Answer 1)

(i) The superiority of God over Man: The main theme of the poem is God’s supremacy over man. The poem “The pulley” establishes the fact that God is in all ramifications superior to man. It is a fact that every human being must accept that God as Supreme Being, controls the destiny of each individual and that without Him, nothing that exists can subsist. Being the Supreme and superior God, he shows his Potency. The poem is a symbolic portrayal of the fact that man’s efforts are dependent on God, his creator. The poem asserts that God knows that making man independent will lead to man abusing the independence. Thus, the tone of the poem shows God’s supremacy over man. According to the poem, the lack of this gift and immorality as practically removed by God will definitely draw man back to Him to totter under his feet. This tempo is made prominent in the last stanza of the poem, “Let him be rich and weary, that at last, if goodness lead him not, yet weariness may toss him back to my breast”

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(ii) Theme of Frailty of the Human Mind : Another major theme depicted in the poem is the frailty of the human mind. God, as sovereign and the creator of mankind, understands the nature of man. He knows that the mind of man is frail, that man is weak and easily susceptible to a myriad of negative, ungodly influences. God knows that man can easily be manipulated and that he could easily forget his maker if he has all his needs in life. This is why God decided to take “rest” from man to constantly remind man of his need to depend on God.

(iii) Theme of the Limitless Love of God for Man: This is another theme that is embodied in this poem, “The pulley”. The poet seeks to establish this idea right from the outset, that from the time God created man, He loved man and gave him the best of everything “rest”. This is because God was aware that by giving man rest, man would feel that he had no use of God anymore. Right from stanza one, the love of God for Man is very obvious. It is very obvious that he craves for man’s attention and love.


Foto is the main character of the Novel. She is fourten years old but harshness of life made her a premature adult. She was practically abandone to the street to grow and develop on her own. She speaks, thinks and acts like an adult over and above her age. She grew unsual courage to face the dtreet lords like Poison and Macho. From the age of ten, she has grown to fend for herself in the streets of Sodom and Gomorrah, doing odd jobs, stealing and picking pockets.
Foto has chosen to sleep in front of a provision store at the Agbogloshie market in order to avoid “risk of her losing her newly acquired job of washing carrots at the vegetables wholesale market. In the sleep, she dreams of living in a home and a toilet with a roof and she smiles in the joy of the experience and gladly makes use of the toilet. While still savouring the comfort of the pleasant and unusual home in which she find herself in the dream, Foto feels a light pressure on her bosom. she wakes up to discover a man kneeling over her. Shortly ,she discover that the man is poison,one of the lord of the streets. She cries and tries to resist her attacker but poison will not give up as he deals her blows and threatens her life. Foto stops to struggle with poison,he later smiles confidently .Promptly, he pushes her dress and scowls at the dirtiness of the girl’s underpants .He removes the pant and unbuckles his belt as he steps towards the sexual act .From nowhere,Foto experience a surge of energy. With her fists and legs,she strikes and kicks poison here,there and everywhere until he begin to sway and tries to protect his already bruised face. While this goes on ,Foto promptly gets up and makes her escape. She runs to meet her friend, Odarley.

(i)Fear: is the dominant emotion that the novel’s protagonist Bigger feels. Fear results from the lack of power to control one’s own situation. The protagonist of Native Son is especially fearful of white people and the power they wield over him ordinary white people, wealthy white people, white people who control the legal and justice system. Fear also leads to terrible and unintended consequences; the protagonist’s fear leads him to hurt his friends and even murder two women.

(ii)Race: Everything Bigger does in Native Son has a relationship to the color of his skin. Why? Because whites control the labor, legal, religious, educational, and social institutions that dictate where and how the protagonist, a black man, can live, where he can work or go to school, and what he can or cannot do with his life. The protagonist feels like whites live in the pit of his stomach, because his stomach is where he feels fear, shame, hopelessness and whites are the ones who control these emotions since they control his life.

(iii) Power: The world in Native Son is divided between those who have power (white people) and those who do not (black people). Power is intimately connected to race. However, it is also connected to wealth, as we see clearly with the Capitalist vs. Communist fight played out in the courthouse and in society at large. So who rules the roost? Wealthy white people, of course. Much of this novel highlights the injustice of power being wielded by this single, privileged group.



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