NECO GCE Literature In English Drama & Poetry Questions and Answers – 2019

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NECO GCE Literature In English Drama & Poetry Questions and Answers




You Are To Answer Four (4) Question Only.


The language of the play is simple. It is a mixture of Modern English and street language. The language used also reflects the characters’ societal statuses. As a King, King Santigi’s language is elevated and laced with wisdom and sometimes proverbs. Like the use of Irony
Dele Charley uses irony richly in the play for dramatic effectiveness. Maligu the most educated in the community and a wise one complains that Soko puts “too many obstacles on the way” and Soko replies that “the obstacles have been in the way all the time. I only warn you do not fall over them in your blindness” (24-25). It is ironical the wise one is perceived as blind. Indeed, Maligu is blind to the mischievous intentions of Whitehead until very much later in the play. Another incidence of irony
is when soko chooses wara, Kindo’s woman, for virgin sacrifice, him fire and will you ifyou touch Wara” (45). t is ironical that in the end Soko is consumed by his own sacrificial fire. King Santigi and Whitehead argue over the relevance of virgin sacrifice which he is not used to in his homeland. This is a very poignant irony in the play and this is probably what informs the title of the play too. man who uses all his energy Kindo’s banishment for killing Parker is another irony. This is a only comelude with to defend Mando customs but ends up a victim of that which he protects. Kindo can that “Mando land is danger” (99).


Pride is portrayed in an extremely positive light in A Raisin in the Sun. Since the play is depicting people who have little else to their name, pride is a means for them to hold on to their dignity and affirm their worth as human beings. When a neighborhood representative shows up and offers to buy out their house, the family doesn’t hesitate to kick him out. The novel frames this decision as pride versus money, and although money does win out for a little bit, the Younger family maintains its pride in the end. In other words Mama expresses pride in her family’s background and tries to instill in her children a sense of respect for their ancestors, who were Southern slaves and sharecroppers. At the play’s climax, the Youngers’ sense of pride gives them the strength to reject Karl Lindner’s dehumanizing offer to buy back their new home because, as Mama says, “Ain’t nobody in my family never let nobody pay ‘em no money that was a way of telling us we wasn’t fit to walk the earth.” Walter’s loss and eventual recovery of his pride constitute a major plotline of the play. His personal crisis of pride, brought on by his inability to support his family in his dead-end job as a chauffeur, culminates with his decision regarding Karl Lindner’s offer to purchase the Youngers’ new house. Upon first meeting Lindner, Walter, Ruth, and Beneatha resoundingly reject his offer, demonstrating their collective familial pride.

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(i)The theme of wisdom of the ancestors is invaluable in the Poem Vanity by Birago Diop; The peom presents ancestors as a weservoir of sound teaching and wisdom which are sufficient to guide their offspring through the challenges of life these teaching and wisdom are describe as “cries” and “wild appeals”. with such descriptions the poet suggests that the ancestors are not only in earnest, they are not interested in listening to their voices . The ancestors also leave behind them signs in the natural elements as guides to the living. The poem, therefore, suggests that the only thing that can prevent the living from becoming object of scorn and enjoy the patronage of the ancestors is to heed their words and signs.

(ii)The theme of Abandonment of traditional ways or values in the Poem Vanity by Birago Diop; The poem comments on the tendency of African educated elites and other westernized Africans to abandon African wisdom, values and general traditional ways of life. Because many of these people have been led into believing that African ways of life are primitive and barbaric, they embrace foreign.values and become uninterested in their own people’s values. The poet condemns this in strong tems, dismissing those culpable in this regard as worthless offspring. While arguing that it is unwise to abandon the traditional ways, the poet also suggests that foreign values will not help. Because the abandonment is intentional, the poet notes that unpleasant experiences may attend it.

(iii)The Theme of Warning to renegades in the Poem Vanity by Birago Diop; In spite of the dominance or presence of other themes in the poem, the entire poem an be summarized a warming sten to the to renegades. The poem is preoccupied with a warning to those who have chosen not to include the voice of elders, voice of wisdom and voice of the ancestors. of the poet’s warning fact that continued will earn nothing Parts of but and reticule. th us when grappling with our self-inflicted wounds, people will’simply laugh at us.


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God’s supremacy Over Man; He blessed man with many gifts but shows his supremacy over man by withholding the gift of rest. In other words There is one blessing hat God did not let out of his cup, rest. He chose to withhold an innate ability to rest from humankind in order to keep his creation close to him. When one gets weary, they turn to God. Or that is his reasoning. Herbert’s speaker states that God did not want humanity to love Nature more than they love “the God of Nature.” In God’s good providence, all created things serve His purposes; yes-all things! His supremacy is not just outside of time, but inside it as well. God was pleased to create time and all things in it to accomplish His Holy purposes. He has appointed a time and purpose for everything under heaven. There is an appointed time to be born and to die, as well as to laugh and to mourn. His reasons and works are beyond our full comprehension even if He told us why. All we know for sure is that God is holy and sovereign. Whatever He appoints to enter our lives serves His holy purposes and our ultimate good. In our times of hurt, heartache, and grief, however, these purposes seem obscure. Our confidence must be in His capacity to make everything beautiful in His time.


death is peaceful and natural, a welcome and fitting pause to a life lived well. In other poems that use a sea voyage as a metaphor for death, Tennyson presents it as more disturbing, more confusing; “The Lady of Shalott,” “Morte d’Arthur,” and “Lancelot and Elaine” are all examples of the poet not yet seeing such a voyage as peaceful. Sonstroem writes that “all these contradictions [among the earlier poems] vanish, yet all the allusions to the earlier poems retain their relevance: Tithonus’ longing for death is to be granted, yet the death is seen in terms of Ulysses’ desire a sea-voyage of discovery.” Some writers have chosen to see a bit of Hallam in the Pilot; after all, reflecting on his friend Hallam’s death guided so many of Tennyson’s thoughts about death. But given Tennyson’s cultural context, it is very likely that the identity of the Pilot is the Christian God. Jesus is considered the pilot of the Church and guides the Christian’s life. Seeing God face to face is a Biblical theme. Furthermore, the wordplay of “crossing” a “bar” suggests the cross of Jesus, the transformational event that, in Christianity, enables people to be reconciled to God and reach Heaven, which is beyond the Earth’s “Time and Place.”


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