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(i) Use of sub-standard English and pidgin: Apparently to draw attention to the use ,the expression is sub – standard English are italicized. Its use occurs during Sylv Po’s “Good morning,Ghana”show when one of the sponsored callers from poison links up on the programme to make her contribution.consider these line:
“She dies because she does something bad ,something very bad.she get husband in her hometown.Den she ran leave him and come to Accra. She say he too bad .He too old? The time she was chopping his money gbla gbla like that ,that time she not sees that he too old?”
The reason for the use is simply to reflect the social status of the caller.
(ii) Contrast: The use of contrast in the novel is seen with respect to the presentation of two families in the story. The two families are those of Maa Tsuru and kabria . Kabria’s family ,as a unit ,is presented as almost perfect while Mass Tsuru’s is presented as a direct opposite. The farmer is intact and cohesive while the latter is broken and scattered ,with little or no hope of redemption .The children in one are well cared for,educated and happy whereas those in the other lack basic needs ,drop out of school ,and find solace in street life.
The novelist uses the contrast to show what a family should look like or not look like.
(iii) Omniscient point of view: The story is narrated using the omniscient or third person point of view,which involves the narrator knowing everything that happen in the story,including characters ‘thought. In the novel ,alot of information about the principal characters and past event’s are provided the reader by the narrator. For instance ,it is the narrator who tells of all that had happened to Maa Tsuru before the present ,as well as what informed some of the current actions or reactions of characters like Maami Broni ,kpakpo,Onko and so on .The information helps the reader to form opinions about the characters and understand the diverse motivations for their conducts. As typical of this narrative technique ,there is lot of authorial intrusion,which often prejudices the reader and may unwittingly make him or her identify with the writer’s ideas or ideology.
USE OF SYMBOLISM IN NATIVE SON:
The term symbolism is an object, a character or figure used to represent abstract ideas or even concepts. In native son, there is every indication that Mrs Dalton’s blindness plays a crucial role in the circumstance of Bigger’s killing of Mary just to prevent her from disclosing his identity in the bedroom. Viewing this in a symbolic level, this set of circumstance is a metaphor of the vicious circle of racism. This agrees with the fact that as Mrs. Dalton’s inability to see Bigger cause him to to turn to violence, so is the inability of whites to see blacks as individuals causes blacks to live theirs in fear and hatred. Therefore Mrs. Dalton’s blindness represent the mental blindness of White Americans who see black race as anything less than human beings. The black world on their side is also blind to see the white as their equals rather than oppressive entities.
Another symbolic and significant object displayed in the novel is the Christian cross. In the Christian tenet of faith, the cross is used to denote the compassion and sacrifice of Christ on the cross of Calvary. Reverend Hammond, while Bigger is in jail offers him a cross. The cross makes Bigger to think of himself as Christ like, thereby imagining that he is sacrificing himself in order to wash away the shame of being black, just as Christ died to wash away the sins of the world. On the contrary, after Bigger had seen the image of a burning, he begins to associate cross with hatred and racism that have battered his life. For this cause, the context of cross in “Native son” contradicts the Christian context of cross
Also in book two, there is falling of snow which burns into a blizzard that leads to Bigger’s capture by the white police. Before his capture, Bigger falls to the ground and his ears, eyes, mouth etc are covered with white snows. By implication, Bigger’s senses are overwhelmed with a literal whiteness symbolizing the metaphorical “whiteness” (the white race) he feels has been pressing down upon him.
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