2019 NABTEB GCE Literature In English Drama & Poetry Questions and Answers

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NABTEB GCE Literature In English Drama & Poetry Questions and Answers






WARA: She is the girl friend and lover of Kindo. She is not a native of Mando land but she has lived there with her parents for a long time. Her mother was a slave in Mando and has ran away after being delivered of Wara.
The following roles can be said of Wara in the play:
(i) She loves genuinely: Wara loves Kindo and she is willing to go with him to any length. She is also very watchful against anything that may harm Kindo. She always advises Kindo against offending the spirit gods.

(ii) She has intuition: Kindo intends to take Wara to the cave for a love play. The cave is supposed to be the habitation of the priest. However, Kindo believes that the priest (Soko) does not sleep in the cave and that he (Kindo) and Wara can go into the cave at night to play. However, Wara insists that she does not want them to go into the cave, she senses that Soko is inside. She turns out to be correct eventually.

(iii) She is assertive : Wara always wants to force her desires on Kindo. The following conversation between her and Kindo leads credence to this attitude in Wara.
Don’t you feel anything Kindo?
Don’t you feel cold when rain falls?
Don’t you feel angry when Maligu irritates you?
Don’t you feel happy when your with a woman?

I do, I do

(iv) Lastly Wara is ever comforming

WHITEHEAD: He is the white overlord who conspired with two natives of Mando land to come and stay in Mando land and defile the land with the aim of exploiting them and exploring their mineral resources (diamond)
The following roles can be said of him :
(i) He is proud and self conceited and dictatorial: Whitehead is a proud and self conceited intruder. This is affirmed in the way he sounds when he warns Maligu to always do his biding because he has been giving him (Maligu) money. He wants Maligu to get Wara out for him at all cost.

(ii) He likes woman: No sooner had whitehead arrived in Mando village than he begins to spy out for the ladies in the village. He spots Wara with Kindo and immediately engages the hands of his conspirators (Soko and Maligu) to work to kidnap her and bring her to his house.

(iii) He could be cruel and unreliable: He has engaged the services of Parker as his right hand man to achieve his set objectives and goals. When he sees no useful of Parker, then he readily volunteers to allow him to be killed in order to use his death to accomplish further set goals.

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(iv) He is disrespectful: It is agreed that whitehead is a white man who does not know it value the tradition and custom of the Mando people. However, he had to pay respect to the king of Mando.

The environment influence the advancement of the theme of racial discrimination since the play’s main focus is to bring to the fore, the discrimination which exists between the white citizens and the coloured people who are referred to as Negroes and who are considered to be of an inferior and subhuman race. The discrimination manifests in many ways. One, the negroes do not have access to quality education and so they cannot aspire for employment that is competitive and that demands special academic qualifications. The family of the youngsters are the symbol of racial prejudice and the nature of employed services each of them is engaged in depicts the discrimination at the workplace as pointed above.
The effect of racism cuts across places of residence too. The white do not allow the coloured people to live within their vicinity. This is evident in the visit of Mr hinder to the youngsters to inform them of the decision of the association of the white inhabitants of clybourne park against the intention of the youngsters to park to the new house mama has acquired of the Clybourne park.
The Negroes themselves seem to have accepted the consequences of discrimination in their environment and does not seem so to concerned with the need for a reversal.
Worst still, even the coloured peoples still promote intra-ethnic segregation among themselves based on wealth.
Walter is heard to complain that the coloured women are also involved in racial attitude towards their men folks by the indolence of the women folk towards their family. He comment that the coloured women do not give helping hand to ensure the economic emancipation of their husband. In Walter Lee’s opinion, even the coloured people see themselves as been economically inferior to the white people (negroes) consider some kinds of business activities to be outside their limits.

The poet’s use of imagery In explaining the stages of life of man goes does:
(i) Panic… spread (“spread” refers to the lifetimeeffect of panic caused by the life- failure)
(ii) Fluttering- (also referring to the consequences of panic)
(iii) Stilled- (this suggest that we could have goals without pursuing them)
(iv) Gigantic (to dream of great goals in life)
(v) A sudden throb (sudden realisation of failure)
(vi) No sudden leaps (realisation that goods cannot just b accomplished with ease)
(vii) Legs cribbed (impediments to achieving goals)
(viii) Inner satisfaction dwindler (impossibility to be satisfied with success in life)
(ix) Sharp blades of expectation (goals setting could come at impulses, not necessarily from careful consideration and as an after thought).
As extract from above the following can be deduced from the poem
(a) The poet says that growing older is creating panic in the mind of people number their days year in year out. (Stanze one)
(b) The poet believes that when a person is at his twenties, he bubbles with alot of plans, hope and expectations for the future aspiration. (Stanza two)
(c) The poet thinks that people begin to reduce that their hopes and expectations are growing damper as soon as they cross the age of thirty. This was put as: “at thirty, sudden throb of pain laboratory test having nothing to show”
(d) The poet also believe that as soon as a person clocks age thirty, his pursuit of success and priorities in life is distorted. The distortion is as a result of challenges of family responsibility. A person marries at about age thirty and begins to pursue family life and affairs at the expense of his dreams, aspirations, goals in life.

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Here goes the theme of imagination and reality as depicted in the Frost’s Birches;
One important theme of birches is how Frost uses his poetic imagination to transcend the limits of real world. He rejects the true reason the Birches have been bent over in favour of his own fanciful explanation. On some level, he is claiming that this act of the imagination embodies a larger “truth” and is a worthy task one that must be made with great care and diligence.
On the other hand, frost makes it clear that one must remain within the natural world itself and that complete escape into the world of the imagination is impossible and not even desirable. It is this tension within the poem that makes each world both appealing and painful- the real world might be a place for love; the imaginary world is innocent, but it is also solitary and by extension loveless. This can be depicted below:
“When I see birches bend to left or right,
“Across the lines of straighter darker tress,
“I like them to think that some boys been swinging them
“But swinging them doesn’t bend them to stay
As ice storm do.”
The palpable, malleable quality of the birch tree captures the poet attention and kicks off his meditation. Perhaps younger boys don’t bond birches down to stay but saying them they do and thus bend them momentarily.
Now, the theme of imagination and reality is depicted in the above: from the beginning, the poet starts imagining the possible causes of the bending of the birch trees. Then he goes on to imagine alot other things. Towards the later portion of the poem, he expresses his desire to go away from the world as he had become world weary, tired of his responsibilities and doesn’t want to leave behind the drudgeries of day to day life. But after this initial as capitalist attitude, the poet reconciles to the idea of reality as he understand that no one can escape reality for long. One has to come back to this world as that has been the usual fate ascribed to humans by almighty.
Although we can escape into our fancy for sometime this balancing between imagination and reality is crucial and Frost seen to indicate this in his poem.


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